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Mahatma Gandhi Essay in English for students

Shikshasanjal 2 min read

Mahatma Gandhi's full name was Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi. He is a prominent figure in Indian history, who played a pivotal role in the struggle for India's independence.  He led protests against British rule and advocated the philosophy of non-violence. His life and work continue to inspire people around the world.

Gandhi was born in Gujarat, India, on October 2, 1869. After passing the Matriculation Exam, he pursued higher studies in England, where he completed his law degree and returned to India in 1893. Later Gandhi went to South Africa where his social life would actually start. He was appointed as a legal representative for Muslim Indian traders. Gandhi spent 21 fruitful years in South Africa, where he developed his political views, ethics, and leadership skills.

During his time in South Africa, Gandhi witnessed discrimination against non-white communities, including Indian Muslims and Hindus. White men treated dark-skinned Indians with the same level of discrimination as native Africans. Gandhi himself was often insulted and tortured. As a result, he led a nonviolent protest called Satyagraha against the British authorities.

In 1915, Gandhi returned to India and joined the Indian National Congress in its fight for independence from British colonial rule. He actively participated in the freedom struggle and became the party's leader in 1920. Despite India's declaration of independence in 1930, the British government did not acknowledge it, prompting Gandhi to lead the Non-co-operation Movement, a form of civil disobedience. His unwavering commitment to the cause led to multiple incarcerations, earning him the title of the 'Father of the Nation' in later years.

After World War II, the Labour Party came to power in the UK. Prime Minister Clement Attlee passed the Indian Independence Act, which granted India its independence on August 15, 1947. Unfortunately, the hero of the freedom fighting didn't survive long. Mahatma Gandhi was shot dead by Nathuram Godse, a Hindu extremist due to his liberal policy.

In summary, Mahatma Gandhi's life imparts valuable lessons. His commitment to non-violence, simplicity, and social justice remains relevant. We learn from his advocacy of truth, persistence, and global impact. Gandhi's legacy inspires us to embody these principles for a better world.